Included here are various subantarctic islands such as the Auckland Islands, Antipodes Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Macquarie Island and the Snares.

Subantarctic Islands Rush-Sedge-Moss Mires

These wetland areas are dominated by Juncus scheuschzeroides, the endemic Isolepis aucklandica (Cyperaceae) and moss genera such as Drepanocladus and Sphagnum. Other wetland endemics include Callitriche aucklandica (Callitrichaceae).


Cockayne, L. 1958. The Vegetation of New Zealand. H. R. Engelmann (J. Cramer).

Gillham, M. E. 1960. Modification of the sub-Antarctic flora on Macquare Island by sea birds and sea elephants. Royal Society of Victoria, 74: 1-12.

Johnson, P. N. & Campbell, D. J. 1975. Vascular Plants of the Auckland Islands. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 13: 665-720.

Meurk, C. D., Foggo, M. N. & Wilson, J. B. 1994. The vegetation of subantarctic Campbell Island. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 18: 123-168.

Molloy, L. 1994. Wild New Zealand. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Selkirk, P. M., Seppelt, R. D. & Selkirk, D. R. 1990. Subantarctic Macquarie Island: environment and biology. Studies in Polar Research. Cambridge University Press.

Wace, N. M. 1960. The botany of southern oceanic islands. The Royal Society Expedition to Southern Chile. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 152: 475-490.

Wagstaff, S. J., Breitwieser, I, Quinn, C. & Ito, M. 2007. Age and origin of enigmatic megaherbs from the subantarctic islands. Nature Proceedings (online).