Included here is Myanmar (formerly Burma)

South Myanmar Irrawaddy Swamp Forest

These highly fertile forests are largely composed of deciduous trees such as Andina cordifolia, Anogeissus accuminata, Dalbergia kurzii, Lannea grandis, Manglietia insignis, Milletia pendula, Schleichera oleosa, Terminalia balerica, T. chebula, T. tomentosa, Salmalia malabrica, S. insigni, Spondias pinnata and Vitex pubescens. Bamboo breaks are a feature with Melocanna bambusoides being one of the main species. Other typical bamboos include Bambusa polymorpha, B. tulida, Cephalostachyum pergracile, Dendrocalamus longispathus, Dinochloa m’clellandi, Melocanna bambusoides and Oxytenanthera albo-ciliata.


Chatterjee, D. 1939. Studies on the endemic flora of India and Burma. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengol, 5: 19-67.

Gopal, B. & Krishnamurthy, K. 1993. Wetlands of South Asia. In: Wetlands of the World: Inventory, ecology and management. Vol. 1. Eds. D. Whigham, D. Dykyjova and S. Hejny. Kluwer Academic Press.

Kurz, S. 1877. Forest Flora of British Burma. Government of India.

Rao, A. S.  Vegetation and Phytogeography of Assam - Burma. In: Ecology and Biogeography in India. Ed. M. S. Mani. Dr W. Junk Publishers. The Hague.

Stamp, L. D. 1924. The Vegetation of Burma from an Ecological Standpoint. University of Rangoon.