Included here is the Mascarene Archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The main islands include Mauritius, Reunion and Rodrigues.

Mascarenean Pandanus Upland Wet Woodland (Mauritius)

Several endemic species of Pandanus, such as P. carmichaelii, P. microcarpus, P. palustris, P. pyramidalis and P. vandermeerschii (Pandanaceae) are the characteristic species of certain upland marshy woodlands. They display numerous aerial roots including stilt-like structures and many pneumatophores. Associated species include Aphloia theaeformis, Cladium iridifolium, Rhyncoporum glauca, Scutia commersoni and the endemic Gaertnera psychotriodes (Rubiaceae).

Mascarenean Stillingia-Croton Upland Wet Woodland (Mauritius)

This type of woodland is confined to a small area near Les Mares in the southwestern region of the upland plateau, and only develops on the highly aluminous grey clay overlying unweathered ferruginous lava. The dominant species are both endemic. Stillingia lineata (Euphorbiaceae) is a small tree rarely exceeding 3 m in height, while Croton fothergillaefolius (Euphorbiaceae) is a small shrub reaching about 1 m. The ground flora frequently consists of tussocks of the endemic, peat forming Carpa costularioides (family?) and the two bog mosses Sphagnum cymbifolium and S. tumidulum.


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