Included here is the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and the adjacent Alborz, Talish and Elburz mountains.

Hyrcanian Cupressus sempervirens Forest

These rare cypress forests are thought to be relict stands of a once much more extensive forest of ancient Mediterranean vegetation that probably pre-dates much of the current Hyrcanian vegetation. They typically occur in the rain shadow of deep valleys cutting the Alborz range in Chalus (Hassan Abad, close to Marzanabad), Sefidrud valley near Rudbar and Manjil, and Sourkesh forest near Katool valley (Gorgan). Typical Mediterranean elements include Asteriscus spinosus, Jasminum fruticans, Myrtus communis and Salvia viridis.



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