Included here is the Andaman and Nicobar islands situated in the Bay of Bengal.

Andamanese Mangrove Forest

This zone includes some of the most luxuriant mangrove forests on the planet supporting about 60 mangrove species. The most important of these are Avicennia officinalis, Bruguiera gymnorhiza, B. parviflora, Ceriops tagol, R. mucronata, Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia alba and S. caseolaris, while some of the less common species are Excoecaria agollocha, and Lumnitzera littorea with its bright scarlet flowers. In the areas of transition between the mangrove forest and the inner littoral forest species such as Brownlowia lanceolata, Cerbera manghas, Derris trifoliata, Heritiera littoralis and Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea occur. While most palms are unable to tolerate the brackish conditions in mangrove swamps, two species, Nipa fructicans and Phoenix paludos, are exceptions to the rule, and can often give these swamps a very picturesque appearance, especially the former with its crown of foliage held just above the water mark.


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