Included here is virtually all of the maritime zones surrounding the Adriatic Sea.

Eastern Adriatic Saltmarsh

In the Central and South East Adriatic including Vrgada Island, Murter and surrounding islands (Veli, Vinik, Mali, Vinik, Tegina, Zminjak, Radej, Sustipanac), Makirina, Zablace, and the islands of Krapani, Jadrtovac, Gebastica, Blace (Dinja Neretve) and Mali Ston Bay the saltmarsh vegetation can be divided into three associations. In simple terms these were described as as an Arthrocnemum fruticosum-Puccinellia palustris Association, a Juncus maritimus-Juncus acutus Association and a Limonium serotinum-Artemisia coerulescens Association.

Arthrocnemum fruticosum-Puccinellia palustris Association
Stands of this vegetation were found on low-lying, alluvial and marshy coastlands covered by seawater for much of the year. However, they could dryout and become parched during periods of extremely high temperatures. The few associated species included Arthrocnemum glaucum, Atriplex portulacoides and Inula crithmoides

Juncus maritimus-Juncus acutus Association
Characteristic of moist, marshy soils usually saturated with either sea or brackish water these stands often display a lush growth of plants. Associated species include Arundo donax, Carex extensa, Juncus gerardi, Inula viscosa, Typha latifolia, Scirpus holoschoenus and Vitex agnus-castus.

Limonium serotinum-Artemisia coerulescens Association
Classed as an endemic Illyrian-Apennine association this occurs in salty, rocky zones that rarely flood and completely dry out during spring and summer. It occurs in the transition zones between the more halophilous saltmarsh and the more closed less saline terrestrial grasslands. Associated species include Agropyron pungens, Allium commutatum, Asparagus acutifolius, Aster linosyris, Atriplex latifolia, Centaurium spicatum, Crithmum maritimum, Cynodon dactylon, Dactylus hispanicus, Daucus carota, Helichrysum intalicum, Parapholis incurva, Parietaria diffusa, Salsola angustifolia subsp. reiseri and Suaeda maritima


Alegro, A., Biljakovic, M., Bogdanovic, S. & Borsic, I. 2004. Psammo-halophytic vegetation on the largest sand area on the Croatian coast: the island of Mijet, southern Adriatic. Biologia, Bratislava, 59 (4): 435-445.

Pandža, M., Franjić, J. & Škvorc, Z. 2007. The salt marsh vegetation on the East Adriatic coast. Biologia, 62: 24-13.