Included here are the South Atlantic islands of Tristan da Cunha, Gough, Inaccessible and Nightingale.

Feldmark and Montane Rock Vegetation

Much of the uplands of Tristan da Cunha are covered in cushion, mat forming and crevice plants.  The main vascular plants include Empetrum rubrum and various small tufted grasses such as the endemic Agrostis carmichaelii (Poaceae). Other endemic flowering plants are the rush Rostkovia tristonensis (Juncaceae), while important lower plants include the fern Grammitis magellanica, the clubmoss Lycopodium magellanicum and the bryophytes Racomitrium crispulum and R. lanuginosum.


Baird, D. E. et al. 1965. The biological report of the Royal Society Expedition to Tristan Da Cunha. 1962. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, 249: 257-434.

Wace, N. M. 1960. The botany of southern oceanic islands. The Royal Society Expedition to Southern Chile. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 152: 475-490.

Wace, N. M. 1961. The vegetation of Gough Island. Ecological Monographs, 34: 337-367.

Wace, N. M. 1965. Vascular Plants. In: Biogeography and Ecology in Antarctica. Eds. J. Van Mieghem, P. Van Oye and J. Schell. Dr Junk Publishers. The Hague.

Wace, N. M. & Holdgate, M. W. 1958. The vegetation of Tristan Da Cunha. Journal of Ecology, 46: 593-620.