Included here is New Caledonia, an archipelago located in the Western Pacific Ocean which includes the Loyalty Islands and the Isle of Pines.

Neocaledonian Upland Maquis

Virtually confined to ultrabasic soils, maquis is often characterized by species of Grevillea and Hibbertia (Dilleniaceae) such as the endemic Hibbertia baudovinii. The species composition of associated taxa varies from place to place, but may include Callistomom pancheri, the endemic Soulamea muelleri (Simaroubaceae) and various species of Gardenia and Myrtopsis. There is also a distinctive upland maquis with a prostate form of Baeckia ericoides often representing the dominant species, and on the southern massif, species such as Greslania montana and Xeronema moorei and confined to upland maquis. On the Massif de Koniambo a somewhat different type of maquis occurs in which Tristania guillainii is the dominant species. Other characteristic species include the endemic Styphelia balansae and S. macrocarpa (Epacridaceae) and species of Guioa (Sapindaceae) such as the endemic Guioa fusca.


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